Document Evaluation
1. Write the Document Number and the Source
2. Summarize Point of View within document
3. Write the question which follows the document and explain your response.

NO REPEATS!!!!

Document 1

Document 2 - Eli Parker-Burgard
1. This is an excerpt from a speech by Dadabhai Naoroji, an Indian intellectual.
2. He first of all states that the British rule is a blessing, and has restored much order and political stability that had been lacking from India for a while. He does mention that living under British rule is not perfect, and that there is still some oppression, but the overall message is positive. The second portion of the document outlines more specifically the negatives that came along with British Imperialism.
3. How is British Imperialism both positive and negative for India? The Imperialistic British rule brought about political peace and order to the people of India. However, with these positives came negatives such as impoverishment. Also, the Indians did not have equality, and were deliberately kept out of the European social institutions.

Document 3 - Ryan Grant
This excerpt is adapted from The Economic History of India Under Early British Rule, by an Indian, Romesh Dutt. He says that Englishmen in particular, have improved life in India. He says that England improved life in India by bringing the English culture over. They brought education and made India a modern nation with modern though, modern sciences, and modern life. They formed a strong and effective government, laws, and a good judicial system. Romesh Dutt was definitely for imperialism because all of the things he mentions were improvements to the, what he calls ancient, nation of India.

Document 4 -C. Langalis
This excerpt from British historian, J. A. R. Marriott's book, The English in India, 1932 explains various benefits of imperialism in Britain's overseas empire . He lists the benefits as, improved communication, travel, industry, agriculture, sanitation and quality of living. He mentions the developments of large 70, 000 miles of paved roads, 40, 000 miles of railway systems and 30 million acres of newly cultivated farm land as the prime improvement British engineers imparted on India. He also explains how these advances erradicated hunger in India, giving the country a stable food supply. Also the organized government that the English set up gave the country order, as well as giving British merchants a place for enterprize.

Document 5
This excerpt from India: A Restatement by British Writer Sir Reginald Coupland discuses some of the positives that the Western imperialistic invasions had on India. The document states that Western settlers in India brought with them higher standards of humanity. They stopped the practice of infanticide (the killing of girl babies). They also stopped the relentless slave trade in India and outlawed the owning of slaves. Other changes helped India boost the value of it's export trade.

Doc.6
This excerpt from The Discovery of India by Jawaharal Nehru, explains how India became a "typical" colonial economy
This document says that India's development was stopped in order to set up a colonial economy. This stopped the new industry of India and it soon became a provider of raw materials for England's Industrial goods. It also says that the destruction of India's industry led to a large scale of unenployment causing poverty problems in India.
Question 1:What negative effects of imperialism does Nehru point out?
One of the things that he points out is that the loss of industry led to poverty and many suffered from the loss of jobs. Another negative effect was that the change of economy caused the development of India to stop which left them behind as new industries were created.

Document 7 Mohandas Gandhi
2. Gandhil's point of view is that imperialism in India has prevented India from being sustainable, so that once the British are gone, India cannot handle ruling by itself. The British have taken all the responsibility, preventing the Indians from developing their own nation that the Indians can rule independently.
3. What is Gandhi's criticism of Imperialism?
Gandhi's criticism of imperialism is that it disrupts the original path of industrialization. It prevents countries from learning how to sustain themselves and rule themselves. Without the responsibility, they do not have the experience to lead a nation once it is free from foreign rule. Gandhi believes that the imperialism in India has prevented Indians from industrializing and evolving through trial and error because the British have done everything for them.

Document 8- Sabrina Herbert
This excerpt is adapted from Imperialism by J.A. Hobson, a British scholar. The negative aspects of imperialism that this British scholar points out is that white rulers misuse the "lower races" or natives. He says that the white rulers of the colonies live at the expense of the natives, and that the white rulers main work is to organize labor for their support. He also goes on to say that in most colonies, the most fertile of the lands and mineral resources are owned by the whites. However, these areas are worked by the natives, under the whites control. J.A. Hobson says that all the hard work is done by the natives, and that all the foreigner white people do is take wealth out of the country.

Document 9 - Chris LaBella
Sekou Toure, an African nationalist, pointed out a negative aspect of imperialism. He essentially says that the worst thing that imperialism and colonization did, was strip Africa of its independence and own affairs, and convince them that their civilization was barbaric, consisting of a weaker race, and was nothing less than savagery. He then says, this is the reason why they are seen as being irresponsible and lacking in self confidence. This African offers that imperialism is a negative and unjust force that uses racial superiority and domination to ruin cultures, heritage, and civilizations themselves throughout the world.




Document 11- Danny Serrano
This document, written by George H. T. Kimble, in the 1962 New York Times Magazine article, "Colonialism: the Good, the Bad, the Lessons," shows the positive and negative effects colonialism had on African countries. He states that because the colonial powers took complete control over everything when they colonized, it was very difficult for the country to be prepared when it won its independence. Although the colonial powers did have some faults, he says that they made up for it in other ways, such as the creation of a better economy through the harvesting of the natural resources many of these African countries had to offer. Question 1: What does the author cite as negative effects of imperialism? The author says that the colonial powers left their colonies, newly independent, without preparation. There weren't enough people working to keep the government going, or enough people to keep the public utilities working. Question 2: What does he cite as positive effects of imperialism? The author cites that even though the colonial powers did some bad things, they also did other things to improve the countries. The colonial powers made the region available to people seeking natural resources such as lumber,mining, and agriculture, which allowed the countries to grow in wealth.

Document 4 -C. Langalis
This excerpt from British historian, J. A. R. Marriott's book, The English in India, 1932 explains various benefits of imperialism in Britain's overseas empire . He lists the benefits as, improved communication, travel, industry, agriculture, sanitation and quality of living. He mentions the developments of large 70, 000 miles of paved roads, 40, 000 miles of railway systems and 30 million acres of newly cultivated farm land as the prime improvement British engineers imparted on India. He also explains how these advances erradicated hunger in India, giving the country a stable food supply. Also the organized government that the English set up gave the country order, as well as giving British merchants a place for enterprize.